International Journal of Medicine & Biomedical Research
Authors' Guidelines
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Scope of the Journal
IJMBR publishes novel findings valuable to researchers in Clinical and Basic Medical Sciences.
Authorship criteria
Authorship should be based on considerable intellectual contributions to the following based on the recommendation of ICJME:
• concept and design of study or data acquisition, analysis and interpretation
• drafting or revising the article; and
• final approval of the version to be published
From February 2015, copyright on an article published by Michael Joanna Publications is retained by the author(s). Authors grant the publisher, Michael Joanna Publications, a license to publish the article and identify itself as the original publisher.
Submission of Manuscript
Manuscript(s) prepared according to the Journal's format should be submitted online via our user-friendly e-submission process on the Journal website,, as a single file or alternatively submitted as e-mail attachment in .doc format to
Type of papers
The Journal publishes editorials, review articles, original articles, short communications, case reports, letters to editor and conference proceedings.
Manuscript structure
The manuscript should be written in English with simple lay out (12 font size, Times New Roman with double line spacing). Manuscripts should be organized as follows:
- Title (and a running title) with authors' names and affiliations, and corresponding author's e-mail address
- Structured abstract
- Key words
- Introduction
- Methodology
- Results
- Tables and figures (including images if any)
- Discussion
- Conclusion
- Acknowledgements and other relevant information such as source of fund, if any
- Previous publication
- Conflict of interest
- Human/Animal Rights and Informed Consent
- References
Brief guidelines
Title Page
The title page should contain a brief title and reflect the content of the manuscript. Name(s) of author(s) and their affiliations be clearly stated. Authors' last names (surnames) with their initials should be written. Contact information for correspondence should be included (the name, full postal address, telephone number with country code, and email address). Abbreviations that are not universally acceptable should not be included in the title of the manuscript. A running title should also be included.
The abstract should be informative and suitable to appear on its own. It should not exceed 250 words. It should be subdivided into background, aim, methods, results, and conclusion(s). For case reports, it should be subdivided into background, aim, findings, and conclusion(s).
About 4-6 keywords should be provided immediately after the abstract. Abbreviations should be avoided; however, standard abbreviations may be used, if appropriate.
This should contain a background information and brief literature, statement of problem, justification of the study, and aim of the study. Previous studies should be appropriately cited.
Detailed information on the methodology should be provided. Established/published methods should be mentioned with references. Significant modifications of published methods and new methods should be described in detail. Statistical approach used in data analyses should be included.
Results should be clearly described. Results for different parameters should be described in separate paragraph with table or figure numbers mentioned in parentheses for better understanding.
Tables and Figures
Self-explanatory tables and figures should be placed in the text under the result section.
The discussion should provide adequate interpretation of data. The significant findings of the work should be clearly stated. Previous studies should be appropriately cited.
This should state the major findings of the study and how the study has contributed to scientific knowledge, with possible recommendations. It should be rational and based on the findings.
The acknowledgments of people and institutions that provided assistance during the study, manuscript preparation, and in funding of the research should be listed in this section.
Previous publication
Authors are required to clearly state in detail if the data submitted for publication have been presented and/or published in part, maybe in a conference proceeding.
Conflict of interest/Competing interest
A conflict of interest exists when an author or author’s institution has a financial or other relationship with people or institution that may inappropriately influence the work submitted. All potential conflicts of interest should be stated. Such information could be used as a basis of editorial decision and may be published if they are believed to be important to readers in judging the article.
Human/Animal Rights and Informed Consent
Studies involving human subjects must be in accordance with ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation and the Declaration of Helsinki. It must and consent of the human subjects. It must also be stated if the study was approved by an Ethical Committee.
Similarly, studies involving the use of animals must conform to the institutional and National Institute of Health (NIH) guideline for the care and use of animals. Anaesthetic and surgical procedures used must be described in details.
Reference style
References should be numbered consecutively in the order in which they are first mentioned in the text (not in alphabetic order). Identify references in text, tables, and legends by Arabic numerals in superscript. If the result is unpublished but has been accepted for publication in any journal, it should be cited as "in press".
The titles of journals should be abbreviated according to the style used in Index Medicus. Use complete name of the journal for non-indexed journals.
All references should follow the following style:
Reference to a journal publication:
Sofola O.A. Preface to the 1st Issue of the International Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research, 2012. Int J Med Biomed Res 2012;1:1-2
Reference to a book:
Peter IK, Paul KI. Statistical Methods, 2nd ed. Michael Joanna Publications, Nigeria;1985.
Reference to a chapter in an edited book:
Peter I.K, Paul K.I. Sampling methods, in: Statistical Methods, 2nd ed. Michael Joanna Publications, Nigeria;1999. pp. 281–304.

  Nigerian authors (NGN) Low-income countries (USD) Lower-middle countries (USD) Others (USD)
Publication fee/article 35, 000 200 250 550

Further discount may be granted to authors from developing countries.
For details on publication fees and country classification, see publication fees

To apply for discount, mail

Galley proof will be sent to the corresponding author. Only typesetter's errors may be corrected; no changes in, or additions to, the contents of the edited manuscript will be allowed.
Published Manuscript
IJMBR will provide published manuscripts in PDF form. Articles are published online immediately upon final acceptance. DOI numbers are assigned to each article. PDF forms of published articles with volume and issue numbers, and DOI numbers are sent to the corresponding author.
All manuscripts submitted are subject to CrossCheck, a plagiarism detection tool powered by iThenticate. Manuscripts with plagiarized contents, redundancy or any form of fraudulence would be rejected. Published articles that are found to be plagiarized or in any form compromise publication ethics will be retracted immediately from the Journal’s contents. Articles by the same author(s) may also be removed. The author(s) may also be banned from submitting any content to the Journal. Author fees will not be reimbursed. We reserve the rights to take further legal action against the authors.
Errata are published in the Journal. If an erratum represents the author's failure to pick up a mistake on the galley proofs, this will be noted in the erratum. A corrigendum may also be published.
Announcements regarding scientific meetings, postgraduate courses, and seminars will be accepted for publication. To place an announcement, contact
Conference proceedings
Conference proceedings are also published in the Journal. For publication of conference proceedings and cost, contact
Authors' enquiry
For enquiries, mail

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Creative Commons Licence
International Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research by Michael Joanna Publications is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
eISSN: 2315-5019, pISSN: 2277-0941